The Art of Photo Manipulation. Techniques and Examples

If a picture is worth a thousand words, will a manipulated photograph say less or more?

The controversial art of photograph manipulation has been practiced for almost two centuries. Some call it an art form; for others, it is simply glorified fakery. But whichever side of the fence you are on, there is no denying that photo manipulation is very useful and requires a lot of creativity, precision, and skill.

Manual Photo Manipulation

In the days of yore, before the advent of Photoshop, photographers painstakingly performed alterations manually using the following methods:

 

-> Airbrushing

An airbrush is a small, air-operated painting tool that sprays dyes and inks. In the pre-digital era, freehand airbrushing has been employed to alter photographs by concealing the signs that a photo has been “doctored” or retouched. During the dictatorship of Joseph Stalin, “undesirable” officials have been removed from photographs during the Great Purge using airbrushes.

 

-> Darkroom manipulation

Another non-digital method of altering photographs, darkroom manipulation involves dodging, burning, and masking – techniques that are said to be similar to digital manipulations with the exception that everything is done by hand. One master of darkroom manipulation is American photographer Jerry N. Uelsmann, whose works have been featured in the television series The Outer Limits, Stephen King’s Salem’s Lot (illustrated edition), and Train of Thought – Dream Theater’s seventh studio album.

 

-> Double exposure

A skilled photographer employs double exposure for artistic effect but it can occur accidentally, producing a blurry picture. Some non-digital cameras offer a “double exposure” option, but for those whose cameras don’t have this feature, they can simply use a filter, which can be used to cover part of the lens for the first shot, followed by covering another part of the lens for the second snapshot.

 

-> Negative scratching

This old school photo manipulation technique was introduced by a group of photographers known as pictorialists during the 19th century. Rather than producing simple snapshots, pictorialists liked to employ techniques such as soft focus, exotic printing processes, special filters and lens coating, and darkroom manipulation to convey “personal artistic expression.” For those who want to try negative scratching, a tiny scratching tool is recommended for 35mm negatives. With your scratching tool, make sure to make smooth marks instead of jagged lines, which could be distracting. You may also try scratching words into the top of the negative or writing on top of the image with a pencil.

 

Contemporary Photo Manipulation: Digital Techniques

Photo manipulation doesn’t just cover the techniques employed within a darkroom. It also refers to image editing done on a computer, more commonly known as photoshopping or photoshop. As you probably know, the term comes from the popular image editor created by Adobe Systems but there are other similar programs such as Corel Paint Shop Pro Photo, Microsoft Paint, Ulead PhotoImpact, and Macromedia Freehand.

These tools are often utilized by photographers and by graphic designers. With digital editing, you can apply different textures to uneven surfaces, remove color casts, transform regular pictures to cool 3D photos, and lots more. Below are some digital photo manipulation techniques that you can try to makeover a simple image from plain to amazing.

If you can’t make it on your own in Photoshop, you can send your photos to the online image manipulation service that can make any photo retouching and digital drawing you need. For about $25 per photo professional photo retouchers will change the background, add objects/people/buildings, draw elements, make surrealistic photo manipulation, etc.

 

-> ‘Doctoring’

Nowadays, ad agencies and magazine editors authorize the use of photo manipulation software to hide a subject’s imperfections — or in some cases, highlight the subject’s flaws. Doctoring is quite useful for the before and after photos of weight loss ads but remains a controversial and often frowned-upon practice. Celebrities have been willing and unwilling victims of airbrushing, contouring, highlighting, zapping, and what have you. An airbrushed Julia Roberts’ Lancôme ad was banned by the U.K.’s Advertising Standards for being “misleading.” Cycling legend Lance Armstrong slammed Outside magazine for photoshopping his age and an acronym on a plain shirt he was wearing. Even well-respected Time magazine was criticized for altering a mug shot of O.J. Simpson to make the latter look more menacing and sinister.

 

-> Age progression

To “age-progress” a person’s face means to make the subject look older than he or she actually is in a photograph. Age progression is used by law enforcement agencies to identify subjects and is now used for photo manipulation purposes. You can age-progress a subject using Photoshop. Choose a candid shot because the harsh lighting reveals more skin details that will help you visualize how your subject will age. Next, look for “references” – older people who resemble or share the same facial expression as your subject. Paste the image around the subject’s face on a separate layer and start age-progressing your subject by adding wrinkles, reducing the lips, graying the hair, and so on.

 

-> Fading smoke effect

Smoke has been used to create abstract photography. Nowadays, Photoshop and Illustrator are used to create stunning fading smoke effects. To create a simple fading smoke effect, you’ll need a close-up image of your subject. There are many Photoshop tutorials that can show you how to do this photo manipulation technique. You can use this technique if you want to create smoke typography, produce hyper-real and surreal images, and make smoke-like effects.

 

->Color combustion

Color combustion is a photo manipulation technique that incorporates several simple photo manipulation techniques, combining a number of different images to produce a new and digitally-enhanced image. After providing a concept, you can begin collecting stock images for your digital collage. Add, adjust, alter, cut, draw, paint, and modify as you see fit. The image and colors are only limited by your imagination.

 

-> Photo cutouts

An otherwise well-taken photograph can easily be ruined by an annoying photobomb. So what do you do to the photobomber? Cut the trespasser out of course. In other cases, you only want the subject and not his or her background. A photo cutout sounds like a simple solution but there are actually a number of different ways to do it. You can use the magnetic lasso or the good old magic wand tool for simple photo cutouts. However, no one tool fits all situations. You’ll need to combine several techniques before you can produce a seamless photo cutout. Like other photo manipulation techniques, practice makes perfect.

 

To better understand the techniques explained above, here are a few examples of digitally-manipulated photographs of landscape and scenery:

Sunset, Santa Monica

Hawaii

Hawaii Again

Hawaii Forest

Santa Monica

The stars as they speak

Ruins

Monbachtal

The Jungle

Vertical Turn

Mistikhan City

Go your own road

Chicken Itza

Vista Wallpaper Manipulation

Photo Manipulation

Mexico

Celtic Mood

Stonehenge

Dark Medieval Manipulation

Snow Landscape

Landscape

Dream Landscape

Avalon

The Kingdom

Fantasy Landscape

Landscape

Burned Landscape

Silhouette

Landscape

Indonesia

Dark Landscape

Scenery

[Total: 2    Average: 3/5]

Madalin Tudose

I`m a web developer. I build HTML Templates and WordPress Themes which are eventually released on ThemeForest under the DeliciousThemes brand.

Join the discussion

  1. […] View the article → […]

  2. Magazine Wordpress Themes on October 28, 2011 at 12:56 am Reply

    Super nice! Each photo is so attractive and extremely beautiful.

  3. Justacarguy blogspot com Jesse on October 28, 2011 at 9:05 pm Reply

    Francis, leave your email somewhere so people can chat with you, you’re doing really good posts!

  4. onlinefashion on November 11, 2011 at 8:10 pm Reply

    thrilling pictures!

  5. votersfirstact.com on December 16, 2011 at 1:13 pm Reply

    Many ways to do photo manipulation, now many online services that provide services for photo manipulation, but I prefer to use Photoshop to perform manipulation. Photoshop tutorials are very interesting to learn. With Photoshop, we can create to generate a variety of photo looks more attractive.

  6. TextureTaddka on January 20, 2012 at 3:09 am Reply

    Amazing collection – Vertical turn and Go your own road are the best ! Thanks for sharing.

  7. Jeni on March 16, 2017 at 7:09 am Reply

    Most of the photo manipulation works mentioned are really praise worthy but I just love the effect applied on “The Jungle” theme. Thank you for sorting out them all together in one place.

  8. annie on May 25, 2018 at 8:53 pm Reply

    First of all I want to mention about the pictures in the following post. The quality of the pictures is perfect and fantastic. I really liked those. These are very eye catchy pictures. Now the content of the post is really good but it can be more specific. But overall that is a helpful post to understand about photo manipulation.

  9. Martin Brook on October 22, 2018 at 3:24 pm Reply

    As a graphic designer, I agree all are techniques for photo manipulations that describe here. Really I am glad to read the useful techniques for manipulation that are important and effective for me. Thanks.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Marked fields are required.